1.10.1: Academic Freedom and Freedom of Expression
Academic freedom and, more generally, freedom of expression are of paramount value in an academic community. Among the central purposes of such a community are acquisition and transmission of knowledge, cultivation of the creative and critical faculties of the human intellect, expression of ideas and emotions through the arts and development of aesthetic sensitivity and appreciation. Academic freedom and freedom of expression are essential to the fullest realization of these purposes, and therefore Spalding University seeks to preserve and protect those freedoms.
In the University, as in society as a whole, freedom of speech and expression cannot be absolute. For example, speech that is libelous, slanderous, incites to riot or is unlawfully harassing is not constitutionally protected; in addition, speech directed at persons with clear intent to cause substantial injury is not protected by academic freedom.
Within these commonly accepted limits, Spalding University endorses the following principles. Members of the Spalding community may write about and discuss freely any subject of intellectual inquiry and shall not be subject to censorship, discipline or intimidation. They are entitled to freedom in research and in the publication of results. They are also members of the larger society: when they speak or act as individuals, and not as representatives of Spalding University, they shall be free from institutional censorship, discipline or intimidation.
Freedom of speech and expression is the right both of members of the Spalding University community and of invited guests. Once members of the Spalding community extend an invitation, others may not abridge a speaker’s freedom of expression because they dislike or oppose the speaker, find her or his ideas noxious or perceive the speaker to be associated with policies or practices believed to be erroneous or even abhorrent.
Freedom of speech and expression is the right of opponents of a speaker as well. Opponents may make their views known in a variety of ways so long as they do not thereby interfere with a speaker’s ability to make the speaker’s views known, or with the rights of others to listen.